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How Does a Waterjet Work

Basic Components and Operation
High Pressure Pump
The pump generates a flow of pressurized water for the cutting process.
Articulated Cutting Head
As an add-on option to OMAX waterjets, this computer-controlled multi-axis cutting head permits angled cuts and can be used to automatically minimize taper for precise vertical cuts.
Abrasive Waterjet Nozzle
Inside the nozzle the pressurized water passes through a small-diameter orifice and forms a coherent jet of water. The jet then passes through a venturi section where a metered amount of granular abrasive is drawn into the water stream. The mixture of water and abrasive particles passes through a special ceramic mixing tube and the resulting abrasive/water slurry exits the nozzle as a coherent cutting stream of abrasive particles travelling at very high speed.
Catcher Tank
The water-filled catcher tank dissipates the energy of the abrasive jet after it has cut through the material being machined.
Abrasive Hopper
The abrasive hopper and associated abrasive flow control system provide a metered flow of granular abrasive to the nozzle.
X-Y Traverse System
A precision X-Y motion system is used to accurately move the nozzle to create the desired cutting path.
PC-based Controller

Advanced motion controllers for abrasive waterjet systems are PC-based and permit production of accurate parts with minimal operator experience.

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